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ShiviMarch 19, 20205min1230

There is a very thin line between an epidemic and pandemic. With the outbreak of the Corona Virus (Covid-19) there is a huge buzz of it being an epidemic and many nations are considering it as an epidemic. here is what I wish to say, please do not make your own reforms, follow world health organisation (WHO) and other authentic Health organisation who are in constant dealing with doctors and researchers. Just wanted to make things easy for you and for all those who do not know what is the difference between epidemic and pandemic, please read the blog. 

Covid has declared a pandemic by WHO. The decision to declare COVID-19 a pandemic was a result of the fast rate in which it is spreading, according to the WHO. But what’s the difference between a pandemic and epidemic? Let’s discuss.

 

corona virus - pandemic

What is an epidemic?

An epidemic is an outbreak of a disease that spreads speedily and influences many individuals at the same time. An outbreak occurs when there is an immediate increase in the number of cases of a disease. It usually describes an extension that was not predicted. An outbreak can occur in a community, geographical area or several countries. Usually, an epidemic is used to report any problem that has grown out of control and can be measured by the vaccine only (probability). During an epidemic, the disease is actively spreading and we see no control over it.

What is a pandemic?

A pandemic is a type of epidemic (one of the type) that is related to the geographic and community spread and represents a disease that afflicts an entire country or the whole world. Here that is why Corona is being declared as Pandemic. In simpler terms, a pandemic is something which spreads international and becomes out of control. To quote an example, when a sick traveller with COVID-19 returns to the U.S. from China doesn’t make a pandemic, if they infect a few family members or friends in their host country, then there’s some debate. If new local outbreaks ensue, epidemiologists will agree that efforts to control global spread have failed and refer to the emerging situation as a pandemic.

How a pandemic is different:

  • Affects a wider geographical area, often worldwide
  • Infects a larger number of people
  • Often caused by a new virus or a new strain of the virus that has not circulated within people for a long time
  • Humans have little to no immunity against the virus and it spreads quickly
  • Causes more deaths
  • Often creates social disruption and economic loss

Read: WHO Declares Corona Virus Pandemic – WHO Call For Aggressive Action

global pandemic vs epidemic 2019 ncov coronavirus

 

With all this, it doesn’t mean that the virus has become deadly and has to be considered as an epidemic. This does not incite fear or cause a stockpile of surgical masks. But it certainly means that we all need to precautious of hygiene and takes care of ourselves in the best possible way.

Follow the guidelines of WHO and follow the instructions. We all together will be eliminating it. 


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ShiviMarch 12, 20207min1052

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus – released by WHO 

 

WHO declares virus pandemic, government step up response. World Health Organization repeats call for ‘urgent and aggressive action’ as the virus spreads to 114 countries. 

Read: Difference between an Epidemic and Pandemic

Territories with confirmed cases of COVID-19

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Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. COVID-19 is still affecting mostly people in China with some outbreaks in other countries. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

 

who corona precaution

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Why? Droplets spread the virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

 

avoid contact in corona

Stay informed and follow the advice given by your healthcare provider

Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow the advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

 

corona with pets

 

The source and images are from the authentic source of – World Health Organization thus you can refer and imply. 

 

Please be safe and alert, read more about Corona Virus here… 


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ShiviFebruary 3, 20207min1480

WHO Declares Global Coronavirus Emergency

The United States told its citizens not to travel to China in the first major reply to the World Health Organization’s announcement of a global emergency over the growing coronavirus. As Chinese authorities recorded the latest numbers of the death toll on Monday to be 310 and nearly 10,000 infections spread. Another 102,000 people were under medical investigation in China with likely to have symptoms of the respiratory ailment. The pathogen is thought to have emerged in a Wuhan market that was crowded and was wild due the Lunar New Year holiday season. During these time hundreds of millions of Chinese travel at home or abroad for celebration.

 

cronovirus death tool rises

Let’s know exactly what is a coronavirus?

Let’s keep it simple and straight so that you guys shall not be misled and thoron with any wrong information. A coronavirus is a kind of common virus that creates an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. Most coronaviruses are not critical. But some types of coronaviruses are dangerous, though. About 858 people have died from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), which first developed in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and then in other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe.

 

coronavirus found

 

In April 2014 (according to WHO report) the first American was hospitalized for MERS in Indiana and another case was recorded in Florida. Both had just returned from Saudi Arabia. In May 2015, there was an outpouring of MERS in Korea, which was the biggest outbreak outside of the Arabian Peninsula. In 2003, 774 people died from severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) fury. As of 2015, there were no further reports of cases of SARS recorded.

 

coronavirus spread countries

 

But In early 2020, the world once again faced the epidemic like a virus following a December 2019 outbreak in China. Thus, the World Health Organization classified a new type, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Often a coronavirus causes upper respiratory infection symptoms like a stuffy nose, cough, and sore throat. But you can treat them with rest and over-the-counter medication. The coronavirus can also induce middle ear infections in children.

 

What to do then…

You can take lab tests, including nose and throat cultures and blood work, to find out whether your cold was produced by a coronavirus, but there’s no reason to worry okay. Yes the outbreak is deadly and it is causing deaths as well, but cured on time and detected can help save lives. The test results wouldn’t change later on how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days. But if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can give pneumonia, particularly in older people, people with heart disease, or people with relapsed immune systems.

 

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Tips to prevent – (on the advice grounds of WHO)

  • Do the same things you do to avoid the common cold
  • Wash your hands completely with soap and warm water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep your hands and fingers continuously away from your eyes, nose, and mouth, use tissue papers or soft cloth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are infected. It can spread, especially if you children in the house or around.
  • Other than this treat a coronavirus infection the same way you treat a cold, like:
  • Take full rest, please don’t to work or house chores, give your body fully rest. 
  • Drink fluids, lots of liquids are recommended in the form of juices, water etc. 
  • Take over-the-counter (SOS) medicine for a sore throat and fever. But don’t give aspirin to children or teens younger than 19; use ibuprofen or acetaminophen alternately.
  • A humidifier or steamy shower (warm water) can also help ease a sore and scratchy throat.

 

Please be safe and healthy, do not respond or listen to hoax news or WhatsApp videos which are dangerous and spreading rumours. Please trust genuine information and prevention health tips from WHO or recognised doctors and health organisation. 

Leave your comments below if wanted to know more on this, I will keep you updated or you can go to WHO website for help. Also, read more about Corona Virus. 

 

 



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